H number H00172
Name Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD)
Description Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by a defect in the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) leading to mental and physical retardation, feeding problems, and a maple syrup odor to the urine. Currently, there are effective therapies that are in use for MSUD; the dietary therapy and thiamin supplementation. The dietary therapy, which involves feeding patients with a synthetic diet containing reduced BCAA contents.
Category Inherited metabolic disease; Nervous system disease