H number H01837
Name Congenital suprabulbar paresis;
Worster Drought syndrome
Description Congenital suprabulbar paresis (Worster- Drought syndrome) is a permanent movement disorder of the bulbar muscles causing persistent difficulties with swallowing, feeding, speech, and saliva control owing to a non-progressive disturbance in early brain development. Owing to the paresis of the orbicularis oris the patient is unable to round the lips or to blow, but as other facial muscles are not affected he can smile normally and close his eyes. An increased jaw jerk and a positive snout reflex are sometimes found, suggesting an upper motor neurone lesion. Congenital suprabulbar paresis has not yet been recognised in the literature as a genetic entity but occasional familial cases suggest that it may have a genetic basis.
Category Nervous system disease